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Learning About



Protecting Snowdonia

"To conserve and enhance natural beauty, wildlife and cultural heritage of the area"

– that's one of the main purposes of the National Park network in Britain and it's an extremely important aim for us here in Snowdonia. With many making a living from the land, the area is looked after by its residents. Around two thirds of Snowdonia's land is privately owned with the rest divided between the Forestry Commission, Welsh Water, National Trust and other bodies. The Snowdonia National Park Authority owns less than 1% of the land despite having responsibility for its protection following the National Park and Access to the Countryside Act 1949.

Llyn Cwm Bychyan

Llyn Cwm Bychyan (© SNPA)

Snowdonia's Landscape

Snowdonia is famous for its mountains with Snowdon (1,085m), the highest peak in Wales and England located here. Snowdonia has 15 peaks over 915m and 91 peaks over 610m. However, there is much more than mountains here. Within the National Park there's around 60 miles of coastline, valleys with some of the principal rivers of north Wales running through; Conwy, Glaslyn, Dysynni and Mawddach, moorland of the Migneint and lakes which ar a haven for fish and supply thousands with water.

Forming Snowdonia's Landscape - Fire, Ice and Water

Some of the rock was created by volcanoes erupting when the area was submerged under the sea in the southern hemisphere. As a result of the extreme heat, sedimentary material hardened creating slate and the ash formed a rocky sheet over the sea's creatures. The earth buckled and great mountains were formed as tectonic plates collided. The area cooled and the rocks were ripped from the ground by glaciers over millions of years, forming the valleys and glens of today. As the earth's temperature rose, the rocks were smoothed over by rivers of ice and dramatic waterfalls. The rivers we have today continue to change the face of the landscape. Gradually, plants started to grow developing into deciduous forests that became home to dear and wild boars until these habitats were supplanted by incomers – people.

This section will provide you with information on the work carried out within the National Park to uphold its objectives in conserving and promoting the area for the enjoyment of those who live and work here and those who visit. The categories below will give you an understanding of why this work is being carried out and why it is so important we continue with the work we do.

Click on the information files below to find out more about the conservation work we undertake;

Mountains (pdf)

Moorland (pdf)

Lakes (pdf)

Coastline (pdf)

Heritage (pdf)

Climate Change (pdf)

What would you do? (pdf)

To find out more about Biodiversity within the National Park Click here.